OBJECTIVE: To determine demographics, clinical characteristics, and outcomes of COVID-19 patients admitted at Aziz Bhatti Shaheed Teaching Hospital Gujrat, Pakistan.
METHODS: Descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at Aziz Bhatti Shaheed Teaching Hospital Gujrat from 17th March 2020 to 20th April 2020 using non-probability consecutive sampling. Diagnosis was made via RT-PCR for COVID-19. Patients were classified as asymptomatic or symptomatic further into mild, moderate, and severe. History was taken, investigations were performed and noted the outcome. Data analysis was conducted using SPSS 20.
RESULTS: Eighty-four patients included 60(71.4%) males and 24(28.6%) females, participated in the study. Mean age was 35.01+15.67 years and 54(64.3%) belonged to the urban and 30(35.7%) to the rural background. Mode of transmission was foreign travel in 35(41.7%), direct contact in 41(48.8%) and local spread in 8(9.5%) patients. Thirty-six(42.9%) were asymptomatic, 35(41.6%) had mild, while 12(14.3%) had moderate and 1(1.2%) had severe disease. Major symptoms were fever (42.9%), cough (41.7%), sore throat (21.4%), dyspnea(14.3%) and anorexia(2.4%). Mortality rate was 1.2%. Raised erythrocyte sedimentation rate was present in 23(27.4%), lymphopenia in 34(40.5%), and thrombocytopenia in 12(14.3%) patients.
CONCLUSION: COVID-19 is present in more young males living in urban areas, having history of foreign travel. Most of its patients are asymptomatic or have mild disease and it has low mortality.