FREQUENCY OF PREOPERATIVE VISUAL ACUITY OF PATIENTS UNDERGOING CATARACT SURGERY IN EYE UNIT, HAYATABAD MEDICAL COMPLEX PESHAWAR
Keywords:Cataract, Prevalence, Pre-Operative, Visual Acuity
Objective: To determine the frequency of pre-operative visual acuity among cataract surgery patients attending eye Unit Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar.
Material & Methods: The study is descriptive hospital base study and was conducted in Eye Unit HMC Peshawar. The study was conducted in three-month duration from July to September 2015. All the patients (male / female), age 40 years and above were included in the study, coming to eye unit for cataract surgery during these three months. People not willing for surgery will be excluded from the study. Visual acuity of those patients undergoing cataract surgery was checked with vision chart and the lens was checked with pen torch for cataract and the questionnaire was filled in. Standard questionnaire was used.
Results: There were 104 participants in our study undergoing cataract surgery, 45 (43.3%) of them were female while 59 (56.7%) of them were male participants, 1% of the total having 6/12 visual acuity,5 (4.85%) having 6/18 visual acuity, 13 (12.5%) having 6/24 visual acuity, 19 (18.3%) having 6/36 visual acuity, 17 (16.3%) having 6/60 visual acuity, 19 (18.35%) of them having 3/60 visual acuity and 30(28.8%) having <3/60 visual acuity.
Conclusion: On basis of the study, it is concluded that there were cases having very worst vision and some cases were having relatively good vision, majority of the cases undergoing cataract surgery were in the mid of the vision having visual acuity between 6/18 and 6/36 having obvious lens opacity.
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