OBJECTIVE: The objective of current study was to assess self-care practices among type-II diabetes patients visiting tertiary care hospitals of Peshawar, KPK.
METHODS: A cross sectional survey was carried out using a self-reported validated questionnaire to collect data. A total of 113 patients admitted in endocrinology, cardiology and surgical wards; having type-II diabetes, at two public sector tertiary care hospitals of Peshawar were recruited through convenient sampling technique. SPSS version 22 was used to analyze data.
RESULTS: The participants had good self-care practices in some domains like foot care (74.3%), taking recommended diabetic medicines properly (70.8%) and self-blood glucose monitoring (84.1%). However, in other key self-care areas participants had poor practices like physical activity (21.2%) and following healthy diet plan (29.2%).
CONCLUSION: The type-II diabetic patients, visiting tertiary care hospitals of Peshawar, KPK needs more awareness and education about self-care regarding healthy eating diet and physical activity. Policy makers needs to adopt a multidisciplinary approach involving physicians, nurses, physiotherapists and dietitians for a comprehensive care of diabetic patients.