OBJECTIVE: To know the frequency of dental caries and level of risk among patients of type II diabetes mellitus.
METHOD: It was cross-sectional descriptive study in which 100 patients with type II diabetes mellitus visiting Sheikh Zayed Hospital Lahore were included. Frequency of dental caries was recorded through DMFT (Decayed, Missed, Filled, Teeth) index while risk of dental caries was assessed through 12 variables and each variable has one point. Risk of dental caries was divided into 3 categories such as low risk (0-4 points), moderate risk (5-8 points) and high risk (9-12 points). The collected data through questionnaire was analyzed by using SPSS 16.0.
RESULTS: Among 100 patients with diabetes mellitus, 87% (n=87) were females and 63% (n=63) were 41-50 years old. The diabetes duration among 59% (n=59) patients was more than 5 years. Patients had mean decayed tooth 2.2, missed tooth 2.3, filled tooth 0.1 and DMFT index of 5.0. High level of risk of dental caries was found in 32% (n=32) patients.
CONCLUSION: Study concluded that level of risk of dental caries development was high in Diabetes Mellitus patients.