Objective: To compare hematological parameters of P. falciparum and P. vivax infected patients with the control group.
Material & Methods: It was cross-sectional study conduct at Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar. One hundred and seventy-two laboratory confirmed cases of malaria were included in the study. Hematological profile of subjects infected with P. vivax, P. falciparum, and control group were compared.
Results: The platelets, red blood cells, and leucocytes count, hemoglobin level and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC) were considerably decreased in both P. falciparum and P. vivax infected subjects in contrast to control group, whereas reduction in lymphocyte count was observed only in P. vivax infected patients. Monocytes count and hematocrit (HCT) was considerably higher in P. vivax infected subjects. However, no significant difference was noticed in the neutrophil and eosinophil count and level of mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH) and mean corpuscular volume (MCV) among the three groups.
Conclusion: Patients infected with malaria showed essential variations in some hematological parameters with low platelet count and hemoglobin concentration being the two most significant indicators of malaria infection.
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