PREVALENCE OF HYPOCALCAEMIA, ABO AND RH-D BLOOD GROUPS IN FEMALE STUDENTS AT INSTITUTE OF PARAMEDICAL SCIENCES, KHYBER MEDICAL UNIVERSITY, PESHAWAR
Keywords:Hypocalcaemia, ABO blood group, Rh-D blood group
OBJECTIVE: The objective of current study was to determine the prevalence of Hypocalcaemia, ABO and Rh-D blood groups in female students of Institute of Paramedical Sciences, Khyber Medical University, Peshawar.
METHODS: One hundred and three female students meeting inclusion criteria were conveniently included in the study from July 1, 2017 to December 31, 2017. Hypocalcaemia was measured using O-cresolphthalein method by semi-automated instruments. Blood grouping were performed at the site of blood collection by forward blood grouping method.
RESULTS: The prevalence of hypocalcaemia was 82.5% with mean serum calcium level of the studied participants was 7.97±0.45 mg/dl. We detected only mild (37.6%) and moderate (62.4%) hypocalcaemia and none of the participants was severe calcium deficient. The frequencies of ABO blood groups were group A was 21.4% (22/103), group B was 40.7% (42/103), group AB was 10.7%) (11/103) and group O was 27.2% (28/103). In the Rh-D blood group the frequency of positive Rh-D was 96.1% (99/103) while negative was 3.9% (4/103).
CONCLUSION: The prevalence of Hypocalcaemia is very high in female students but severe hypocalcaemia is not detected. Blood group B show dominance over other in the studied population.
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